Tuesday, April 9, 2013

El Dorado-The Lost City Of Gold

I am going to write about El Dorado the lost city of gold not the movie or El Dorado Hills in California. What is El Dorado some may ask. Well I can tell you. El Dorado ( pronounced [el doˈɾaðo]English /ˌɛl dəˈrɑːd/; Spanish for "the gilded one") is the name of a Muisca tribal chief who covered himself with gold dust and as an initiation rite, dove into the Guatavita Lake. Later, it became the name of a legendary "Lost City of Gold" that fascinated explores since the days of the Spanish Conquistadors. No evidence for its existence has been found. Imagined as a place, El Dorado became a kingdom, an empire, and a city of this legendary golden king. In pursuit of legend, Francisco Orellana and Gonzalo Pizarro departed from Quito in 1541 in and expedition towards the Amazong Basin, ad a result of which Orellana became the first person known to have navigated the Amazon River along substantially its entire length. El Dorado is applied to a legendary story in which precious stones were found in fabulous abundance along with gold coins. The Concept of El Dorado underwent several transformations, and eventually accounts of the previous myth were also combined with those of the legendary city. The resulting El Dorado enticed European explorers for two centuries. Among the earliest stories was the one told by Diego de Ordaz's lieutenant Martinea, who claimed to have been rescued from shipwreck, conveyed inland, and entertained by "El Dorado" himself (1531). During the Klein-Venedig period in Venezuela (1528-1546) agents of the Welser banking family (which had received a concession from Charles I of Spain)launced repeated expeditions into the interior of the country in search of El Dorado. In 1540, Gonzalo Pizarro, the younger brother of Francisco Pizaro, was made the governor of the provenance of Quito in northern Ecuador. Shortly after taking lead in Quito, Gonzalo learned from many of the natives of a valley far to the east rich in both cinnamon and gold. He banded together 340 solidiers and about 4000 natives in 1541 and led them eastward down the Rio Coca and Eio Napo. Francisco de Orellana, Gonzalo's nephew, accompanied his uncle on this expedition. Gonzalo quit after many of the soliders and natives has died from hunger, disease, and periodic attacks by hostile natives. He ordered Orellana to continue downstream, whee he eventually made it to the Atlantic Ocean,  discovering the Amazon (named Amazon because of a tribe of female warriors that attacked Orellana's men while on their voyage.) Other expeditions include that of Phlipp von Hutten (1541-1545) who led an exploring party from coro on the coast of Venezuela and of Gonazlo Jimenez de Qusada, the  Governor of El Dorado, who started from Bogota (1569). Parime Lacus on a map by hessel Gerrosz (1625). Situated at the west coast of the lake, the so called city Manoa or El Dorado. Sir Walter Raleigh who resumed the search in 1595, described El Dorado as a city on Lake Parime far up the Orinoco River in Guyana. This city on the lake was marked on English and other maps until its existence was disproved by Alexander von Humboldt during his Latin-America expedition (1799-1804). In popular culture there is....

* The Road to El Dorado is a 2000 American animated comedy film by Dream Works  Animation, which tells of two 16th century Spanish men who discovered the mythical city and are declared gods by the inhabitants. The story mistakenly takes place in Central America, not in Colombia.

*In Anthony Horowitz's novel Evil Star when protagonists Matthew Freeman and Richard Cole end up in the Incan city of Vilcabamba, Richard compares the vity to El Dorado, saying that Vilcabamba  is a mythical city which hundreds of exploeers have sought for yet never found "a bit like El Dorado." He is amazed that and Matt are actually in the middle of Vilcabamba, thus being in the heart of a lost city.

* In the PlayStation 3 game Uncharted: Drake's Fortune, the game is based on a search for El Dorado and on its connections to Francis Drake. Expecting to find a city of gold, they find a huge gold statue, later discovered to be a golden coffin containing the victim and the remains of an ancient Plague. 

* The Mysterious Cities of Gold an animated miniseries produced in the 1980s that follows the fictional story of several children and a group of Spanish explorers as they search for El Dorado in the Americas during the 16th century. In the story, El Dorado is but one of seven cities of gold hidden around the world. 

* A portion of Volaire's Candied is set in El Dorado. There, the city is made of material finer than gold and diamonds, which are just considered mud and rocks in the road. 

* Edgar Allan Poe wrote a rather satirical short poem entitled Eldrado, about a knight's search for the legendary city. 

*In Zynga's game Indiana Jones Adventure World,Zynga included El Dorado as the main objective for the player to complete, giving references to the character of Indiana Jones in the game. 

I hope that you enjoyed this post if you have any request then just ask and I will make a post for you. If you would like to read up more on El Dorado then you can go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Dorado and find tons of information there. As well as other peoples accounts and quotes from explores ect... so you can see a lot of information there. 

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