Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Ichthyocentuars



Today I am going to write about the Ichthyocentuars. So lets begin with this post. In late poetical Greek mythology ichthyocentuars (or ikhthyokentauroi) were a pair of centaurine sea-gods with the upper body of a man, the lower front of a horse, and tail of a fish. Also, they wore lobster-claw horns. They were half-brothers of the wise centuar Chiron and the sons of Poseidon and the sea goddess Amphirite. These two sea-gods, though little remembered, were set in the sky as the astronomical constellation Pisces. The twin-ichthyocentuars appear together in several works of art. A first- or second-century mosaic from Zeugma Commagen (Z10.1) depicting the birth of Aphrodite, is inscribed with the names of Bythos ("Sea-Depths" or"Depth of Profundity") and Aphros ("Sea-Foam") who are lifting the goddess' cockle-shell out of the sea. Aphros was perhaps regarded as her foster-father, given the similarity in names. The two sea-gods also appear in a pair of matching sculptures (belonging to the Louvre and Vatican Museums) depicting them carrying Seilen companions of the god Dionusys, after his company was driven into the sea by King Lycurgus of Thrace. The sea-centaurs were probably derived from the divine fish of Syrian mythology (possibly identified with Dagon) that carried Astarte ashore following her watery birth. Ichthyocentuar comes from two different words, ichthyo- and centuar. Ichthyo- come from the Greek word ikhthis (ιχθύς) which means fish; centuars in Latin, from classical mythology, is a creature having the head, trunk, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a horse. Ichthyocentuars have both attributes coming from the two means, which make them a "fish-horse-man." They are related to centaurs, sea nymphs and merfol; how this came to be is a mystery. It was believed that the creation of these sea-centaurs were depicted as a collection of stars within the constellation Pisces. Ichthyocenruars upper bodies took the form of a human torso down to the hips and the lower that of a fish, with two horse legs protruding from this intersection, which is not unlike the appearance of a triton or a merman but with the addition of horse legs in the middle section. Some ichthyocentuars worse crowns while others were depicted with horns often resembling crustacean claws. These sea-creatures were thought to be peaceful water-dwelling creatures; they tend to hold great value for their family and friends. Most of the time they are able to get along with other water-dwelling races. Because this type of race is still related to the wild nature of their centaur cousins, some of them still elicit harsh behavior, although not as much as the centaurs. The Ichthyocentuars tend to roam in milder parties as opposed to more aggressive centaur parties. The ichthyocentuars' relationship with the nymphs allowed them to live for centuries, having them tend to be aware of many situations in the sea. The Ichthyocentuars have the ability to both breathe underwater and swim with great speed. They also have more physical stamina than any of the other aquatic races. Other abilities include being able to communicate underwater with several races that live there. The two best-known ichthyocentuars from Greek mythology were Bythos (Sea-Depths) and Aphros (Sea-Foam). Their parents were the Titan Kronos and Nymph Philyra. These two were half-brothers of Chiron the centaur, and were regarded as wise teachers, much like Chiron himself. Bythos and Aphros appear together in many works of art. One of the more notable ones depict the two sea-gods lifting the goddess Aphrodite's cockle-shell out of the sea after her birth. They also appear together in a pair of matching sculptures, depicting them carrying Seilen companions of the god Dionysus, after his company was driven into the sea by the Thrakian king Lycurgus. Little known of these two gods, except what can be gathered from their illustrations in art, and a short reference in the Byzantine lexicon of the Suda. Aphros was thought of as the first king of the sea-going Aphroi (Carthaginians) where a mosaic uncovered in Tunisia confirms this belief. It depicts a pair of African sea-gods swimming alongside Poseidon's chariot- one is the ichthyocentuar Aphros, and the other twin-tailed Triton, god of the Libyan lake Tritonis. Another mosaic art piece depicts Bythos alone carrying the Nereis Thetis along with two other Nereides, Doris and Galateia. Well that is it my post on ichthyocentuars I hope that you enjoyed it and if you would like to know more about ichthyocentuars then you can go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichthyocentaurs that is also where I got my information.  

Sunday, July 13, 2014

Hex Signs



Today I am going to write about Hex Signs they are not witchcraft signs or anything evil, and they are misunderstood so I feel that I needed to explain them in my post. Hex signs are a form of Pennsylvania Dutch folk art, related to fraktur, found in the Fancy Dutch tradition in Pennsylvania Dutch Country. Barn paintings, usually in the form of "stars in circles" grew out the fraktur and folk are traditions about 1850 when barns first started to be painted in the area. By the 1940s commercialized hex signs, aimed at the tourist market, became popular and these often in clude stars, compass roses, stylized birds known as distelfinks, hearts, tulips, or a tree of life. Two schools of thought exist on the meaning of hex signs. One school ascribes a tailsmanic nature to the signs, the other sees them as purely decorative, or "Chust for nice" in the local dialect. Both schools recognize that there are sometimes superstitions associated with certain hex sign themes, and neither ascribes strong magical power to them. The Amish do not use hex signs. Painted octagon or hexagon barn stars are a common sight on Pennslvania Dutch barns in central and eastern Pennsylvania, especially in Berks Country, Lancaster County and Lehigh County. However, the modern decoration of barns is a late development in Pennsylvania Dutch folk art. Prior to the 1830s, the cost of paint meant that most barns were unpainted. As paint became affordable, the Pennsylvania Dutch began to decorate their barns much like they decorated items in their homes. Barn decorating reached its peak in the early 20th century, at which time there were many artist who specialized in barn decorating. Drawn from a large repertoire of designs barn painters combined many elements in their decorations. The geometric patterns of quilts can be seen in the patterns of many hex signs. Hearts and tulips seen on barns are commonly found on elaborately lettered and decorated birth, baptism and marriage certificates known as fraktur. Throughout the 20th century, hex signs were often produced as commodities for the tourist industry in Pennsylvania. These signs could be brought and then mounted onto barns and used as household decorations. Jacob Zook of Paradise, Pennsylvania claimed to have originated the modern mountable sign in 1942, based on traditional designs, to be sold in souvenir gift shops to tourist along the Lincoln Highway. Johnny Ott and Eric and Johnny Claypoole are also considered to this hex sign revival or adaptation. Modern arthritis may stress the symbolic meanings, for example, a horse head is used to protect animals from disease and the buildings from lightning, and a dove represents peace and contentment. An unusual use is the official logo of the Pennsylvania Bureau of Radiation Protection, which incorporates the international symbol for radiation into its yellow-and-red adaptation of a traditional hex design. There are two opposing schools of belief regarding the derivation of the name. The term hex with occult connotations may derive from the Pennsylvania German word "hex" (German "Hexe" Dutch "Heks") meaning "witch." However the term "hex sign" was not used until the 20th Century, after 1924 when Wallace Nutting's book Pennsylvania Beautiful was published. Nutting, who was not a Pennsylvania native, interviewed farmers about their distinctive barn decoration. Before this time there was no standardized term many many Pennsylvania German farmers simply called the signs "blumme" or "schtanne" (meaning flowers of stars). However one farmer used the term "Hexefoos" in his description. The term became popular with Pennsylvania Germans themselves during the blossoming tourist trade of Southeastern Pennsylvania. In recent years, hex signs have come to be used by non-Pennsylvania Dutch persons as talismans for folk magic rather than as items of decoration. Some believe that both the Pennsylvania German barn design and hex designs originate with Alpine Germans. They note that hexes are of the pre-Christian Germanic origin; for instance, a circled rosette is called the Sun of the Alps in Padania (Po Valley). Based on this history, Neopagans or Germanic heathens have taken up the practice of creating hex signs, incorporating other pre-Christian signs and symbols into the hex work. Gandee, in his book Strange Experience, Autobiography of a Hexemeister, described hex signs as "painted prayers." Some view the design as decorative symbols of ethnic identification, possibly originating in reaction to the 19th century attempts made by the government to suppress the Pennsylvania German language. Anabaptist sects (like the Amish and Mennonites) in the region have a negative view of hex signs. It is not surprising that hex signs are rarely, and perhaps never, seen on an Amish or Mennonite household or farm. John Joseph Stoudt, a folk art scholar, challenges the view that hex signs, as a part of Pennsylvania Dutch culture, have had any magical significance. Well that is it my post on hex signs if you would like to know more about hex signs or anything else I talked about in my post then you can go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hex_sign that is also where I got my information. If you have a request for a post then please feel free to make your request I always take request and would happy to write a post for you.     

Wednesday, July 9, 2014

The Turnip

                                 The Turnip

There were once two brothers who both served as soldiers, one of
them was rich, and the other poor.  Then the poor one, to escape
from his poverty, doffed his soldier's coat, and turned farmer.
He dug and hoed his bit of land, and sowed it with turnip-seed.
The seed came up, and one turnip grew there which became large and
strong, and visibly grew bigger and bigger, and seemed as if it
would never stop growing, so that it might have been called the
princess of turnips, for never was such an one seen before, and
never will such an one be seen again.
At length it was so enormous that by itself it filled a whole
cart, and two oxen were required to draw it, and the farmer had
not the least idea what he was to do with the turnip, or whether
it would be a fortune to him or a misfortune.  At last he thought,
if you sell it, what will you get for it that is of any importance,
and if you eat it yourself, why, the small turnips would do you
just as much good.  It would be better to take it to the king, and
make him a present of it.
So he placed it on a cart, harnessed two oxen, took it to the
palace, and presented it to the king.  What strange thing is
this, said the king.  Many wonderful things have come before my
eyes, but never such a monster as this.  From what seed can this
have sprung, or are you a favorite of good fortune and have met
with it by chance.  Ah, no, said the farmer, no favorite
am I.  I am a poor soldier, who because he could no longer
support himself hung his soldier's coat on a nail and took to
farming land.  I have a brother who is rich and well known to you,
lord king, but I, because I have nothing, am forgotten by everyone.
Then the king felt compassion for him, and said, you shall be
raised from your poverty, and shall have such gifts from me that
you shall be equal to your rich brother.  Then he bestowed
on him much gold, and lands, and meadows, and herds, and made him
immensely rich, so that the wealth of the other brother could
not be compared with his.  When the rich brother heard what the
poor one had gained for himself with one single turnip, he
envied him, and thought in every way how he also could come by a
similar piece of luck.  He set about it in a much more cunning
way, however, and took gold and horses and carried them to the
king, and made certain the king would give him a much larger
present in return.  If his brother had got so much for one
turnip, what would he not carry away with him in return for such
beautiful things as these.  The king accepted his present, and
said he had nothing to give him in return that was more rare and
excellent than the great turnip.  So the rich man was obliged to
put his brother's turnip in a cart and have it taken to his home.
There, he did not know on whom to vent his rage and anger, until
bad thoughts came to him, and he resolved to kill his brother.
He hired murderers, who were to lie in ambush, and then he went
to his brother and said, dear brother, I know of a hidden
treasure, we will dig it up together, and divide it between us.
The other agreed to this, and accompanied him without suspicion.
While they were on their way the murderers fell on him, bound
him, and would have hanged him to a tree.  But just as they were
doing this, loud singing and the sound of a horse's feet were
heard in the distance.  On this their hearts were filled with
terror, and they pushed their prisoner hastily into the sack, hung
it on a branch, and took to flight.  He, however, worked up there
until he had made a hole in the sack through which he could put his
head.  The man who was coming by was no other than a traveling
student, a young fellow who rode on his way through the wood
joyously singing his song.  When he who was aloft saw that someone
was passing below him, he cried, good day.  You have come at
a lucky moment.  The student looked round on every side, but did
not know whence the voice came.  At last he said, who calls
me.  Then an answer came from the top of the tree, raise your
eyes, here I sit aloft in the sack of wisdom.  In a short time
have I learnt great things, compared with this all schools are
a jest, in a very short time I shall have learnt everything, and
shall descend wiser than all other men.  I understand the stars,
and the tracks of the winds, the sand of the sea, the healing of
illness, and the virtues of all herbs, birds and stones.  If
you were once within it you would feel what noble things issue
forth from the sack of knowledge.
The student, when he heard all this, was astonished, and said,
blessed be the hour in which I have found you.  May not I also
enter the sack for a while.  He who was above replied as if
unwillingly, for a short time I will let you get into it, if
you reward me and give me good words, but you must wait an hour
longer, for one thing remains which I must learn before I do it.
When the student had waited a while he became impatient, and begged
to be allowed to get in at once, his thirst for knowledge was
so very great.  So he who was above pretended
at last to yield, and said, in order that I may come forth from
the house of knowledge you must let it down by the rope, and
then you shall enter it.  So the student let the sack down,
untied it, and set him free, and then cried, now draw me up at
once, and was about to get into the sack.  Halt, said the other,
that won't do, and took him by the head and put him upside down
into the sack, fastened it, and drew the disciple of wisdom up
the tree by the rope.  Then he swung him in the air and said, how
goes it with you, my dear fellow.  Behold, already you feel wisdom
coming, and you are gaining valuable experience.  Keep perfectly
quiet until you become wiser.  Thereupon he mounted the student's
horse and rode away, but in an hour's time sent someone to let
the student out again.
The End
By: The Brothers Grimm

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Cuban Solenodon



Today I am going to write about the Cuban solenodon are very real creature, I hope that you will like this. So lets begin with this post. The Cuban solenodon or almiqui (Solenodon cubanus) is a species of soricomorph endemic to Cuba. It belongs to the family Solenofontidae along with a similar species, the Hispaniolan solenodon  (Solenodon paradoxus). The solenodon is unusual among mammals in that its saliva is venomous. Since its discovery in 1861 by the German naturalist Wihelm Peters, only 36 had ever been caught. By 1970, some thought the Cuban solenodon had become extinct, since no speciemens had been found since 1890. Three were captured in 1974 and 1975, and subsequent surveys showed it still occurred in many places in central and western Oriente Province, at the eastern end of Cuba; however, it is rare everywhere. Prior to 2003, the most recent sighting was in 1999, mainly because it is a nocturnal burrower, living underground, and thus is very rarely seen. The Cuban solenodon found in 2003, named Alejandrito, brought the number ever caught to 37. It had a mass of 24 oz. (0.68 kg) and was healthy. It was released back into the wildlife after two days of scientific study were completed. With small eyes, and dark brown to black hair, the Cuban solenodon is sometimes compared to a shrew, although it most closely resembles members of the family Tentecidae, of Madagascar. It is 16-22 in (41-56 cm) long from nose to tail-tip and resembles a large brown rat with an extremely elongated snout and a long, naked, scaly tail. The Cuban solenodon was declared extinct in 1970, but was rediscovered in 1974. Since 1982, it has been listed as an endangered species, in part because it only breeds a single litter of one to three in a year, and because of predation by species introduced by humans. The home range of the Cuban Solenodon is currently in Cuba only historically this animal was distributed all across North America. This is supported by the fossil records that are found in North America. This species is nocturnal and it travels at night along the forest floor looking for insects and small animals to feed on. This species had a varied diet. At night, they search the forest floor litter for insects and other invertebrates, fungi, and roots. They climb well and feed on fruits, berries and buds, but have more predatory habits, too. With venom from modified salivary glands in the lower jaw, they can kill lizards, frogs, small birds, or even rodents. They seem not to be immune to the venom of their own kind, and cage mates have been reported dying after fights. This species of animal are polygamist which means they only meet up to mate and the male mates with multiple females. The males and females are not found together unless they are mating.  The pair will meet up, mate, then separate. The males do no partake in raising any of the young. Well that is it my post on the Cuban solenodon I hope that you liked it and if you would like to know more about the Cuban solenodon then you can go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_Solenodon  

Sunday, July 6, 2014

Esper



Today I am going to write about Espers I hope that you will like this post. So lets begin with the post. The term Esper appears in various forms throughout history from the Provencal songs of the twelfth century troubador Gaucelm Faidit to the circuitous titling of the language Esperanto, both deriving from the Latin sperare, meaning "to hope" still evidence in various Latin languages, such as Italian's sperare or Spanish's esperanza. It also refers to an individual capable of telepathy and other similar paranormal abilities. The term was apparently coined in this sense by Alfred Bester in his 1950 short story "Oddy and Id" and is derived from the abbreviation ESP for extrasensory perception. In Steven M. Souza's mini-novella  "The ESPers" members of a highly advanced (older) alien species (named Eliad) have been tampering with younger species and with the net effect of preventing their full natural development (many of the greatest members of this species are possessed of psychic ability in addition to any high science that the race possesses) and one of their oldest members feels that this needs to be rectified. A weapon is created for this purpose but is almost lost in the struggle - this weapon encompasses the height of this race's technological and mental-disciplinary knowledge yet is still essentially a biological entity. The story of the character "Goner" unfolds the story of a man with no memory because he is this weapon (cloning and other technology). Due to an accident which occurred during the preparations for his completion and the forces being mobilized to find and eliminate his creator (and all possibility of his use as a weapon) he is damaged enough to be life with little work form while his handlers struggle to survive and relocate him. Meanwhile he is exposed to the sinister effects of the meddling of the ESPers first-hand on the planet of his awakening - taken captive and forcibly trained to fight in galactic conflict with little real value to the alien species carrying it out, puppets of the ESPers. The character learns to tap substantial psychic power which thrills his captors (ESpers applying to anyone with detectable psychic ability not just the elder race doing all the meddling - are being used as a support crew on a spacecraft during battle to assist in wartime where energy and mass-class weapons cannot always succeed) even as it fills him with disquiet (self-reflection and moral analysis of the actions of others by this not quite human entity occupy his formative time before he is reunited with  his handlers and his creator). Copyright on the hard cover was from 1972, Lenox Hill Press. In Alfred Bester's novel "The Demolished Man" significant portion of human population, including many of the main characters are espers. In Ridley Scott's Blade Runner, there is a scene featuring a device called and "ESPER" which is used to manipulate photographs. The comic boo series Espers, by writer James D. Hidnall and various artist, debuted in 1986 and has been since published by Eclipse Comics, Marvel Epic and Image Comics. The Espers are a team of people with various psychic powers who fight a global conspiracy. The comic is similar to the TV show Heroes (TV series), but precedes it by two decades. Pow!, a British comic magazine, featured the Esper Commandos, a group of powerful psychics secretly working for the British government, in their 1971 annual. In Simon R Green's Deathstalker series, espers are a strain of humans with psychic powers. In LRA Srudio Pictures short-movie Espers, Espers are beings that look just like humans, except that they 1) have their named coded onto their right-arm and 2) are born with all kinds of powers (one specific power, though exceeds them all). However, any power an Esper has can be stolen from him if he is killed by another Esper. Mimicry Espers, on the other hand, don't have to kill to possess another Esper's power (s). They only need to touch the Esper of interest to do so - but Mimicry Espers are a near-extinct race with only one still surviving on Earth. Espers are apparently from a planet called Esper. The Espers in the move show a random assortment of powers like Telepathy, Telekinesis & Teleportation, but is hinted that they have many more powers. In Katsuhiro Otoko's science fiction masterpiece, Akira, three espers are being kept at the military headquarters of Neo-Tokyo. Although they appear physically to be children, they have signs of age such as wrinkles and wizened features. In the second Star Trek pilot "Where No Mas Has Gone Before" the term "esper" is used twice: first by Dr. Dehner to describe human beings that had displayed "flashes of insight" a dismissive description of anecdotal evidence of extrasensory perception abilities; the second by the mutated Gary Mitchell to describe himself and others like him who suddenly develop powerful paranormal abilities. In this case, he used the term to imply that his abilities made him superior to humans who lacked those abilities. In the Sysco book series by R.M. McNutt, several characters have different physic abilities, brought on by toxic chemical pollution. Sysco, the main character, can cause fires to start with the force of her mind, her friend Many has telekinesis, the emotionless BioVectra wored Zero Blanco can manipulate and control electricity, among others. Esper is a playable class in the MMORPG WildStar developed by Carbine Studios. Esper in WildStar revolve around summoning illusory weapons, animals, or other inanimate objects to either inflict harm on their enemies or support their allies. Carbine Studios describe Espers as "Masters of psionic illusion, Esper use the power of their minds to conjure deadly apparitions and extrasensory weaponry! When it comes to mass butchery, it's the thought that counts!" Esper appears in Magic: The Gathering, as one of the five Shards of Alara. The Esper plane uses white, blue and black cards. It also focuses heavily on artifacts, including colored artifacts (which were a rare occurrence prior to the Shards of Alara block). Espers have appeared sporadically in science fiction games from fairly early on, more often given its actual name in these than in most other sci-fi sources. One especially remarkable case is the Avalon Hill board game (later adapted to computer systems) Star Command, in which character formally called Espers are available as support troops in infantry squads, and have abilities more or less matching the paraosychological theories of what an esper would be capable of. Since the first installment in 1987, Espers have been a recurring in Sega's Phantasy Star series; Part 1, 2, and 4 all featured important, sometimes playable Esper characters; the most notable being the character Lutz. The term is used differently in the English release of Square Co. Super Nintendo role-playing video game Final Fantasy VI (released as Final Fantasy III in North America), in which beings called "espers" are essentially demigods who wield magical abilities, and can be killed to allow these abilities to be transferred to humans. In the original Japanese version of the game, these creatures were know as 幻獣, (げんじゅう, genjū) which translates roughly into English as "phantom beast." The English translator of the game, Ted Woolsey sought to find a word which he felt conveyed the same meaning with as few letters as possible; the English text files for the game were essentially expanded versions of the Japanese text files, taking up far more memory space than was available. In the end, he chose the word Esper. For more information regarding Espers in Final Fantasy VI, see Summon Magic. Espers also appear in Final Fantasy XII as disgraced deities and seraphs banished from the heavens due to acts of rebellion, corruption and the desire to destroy life. There are a total of thirteen Espers appearing in the game: one for each sign of the astrological zodiac, and the thirteenth; Serpentarius.  And much much more. Espers have also appeared in many mangas, animes, and tokusatu, such as...Tuskamoto Yakumo from School Rumble In Witch Hunter Robin, espers are labeled as witches and hunted down by a secret organization. And so much more to see more about Espers then you can go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esper_(mythology) I hope you enjoyed this post.

Friday, July 4, 2014

Dance Moms



Today I am going to write about the television show Dance Moms I hope that you will like this post. So lets begin. Dance Moms is an American dance reality television series that debuted on Lifetime on July 13, 2011. Created by Collins Avenue Productions, it is set in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, at the Abby Lee Dance Company, follows the early careers of children in dance and show business, as well as the participation of their mothers. The show shows many highlights in the children's careers but also the drama of the mothers trying to get their children on top. The mothers are often in fights with each other in mass of fighting for themselves and their daughter's careers hoping it would help better their daughter's chances in the dance world. Set in Pittsburgh, Dance Moms follows the Abby Lee Dance Company's Junior Elite Competition team of young girls aged 10- to 13-years-old as they travel week-to-week to various dance competitions, hoping to win awards for their group and solo performances. Much of the program depicts the doting mothers as fellow rivals not only of each other but oftentimes as a group protecting the familiarity of the team. All of the performances shown on screen are choreographed by Miller, herself, with the exception of routines crafted by guest choreographers hired by Miller. Later in the program, Candy Apple's Dance Studio (located in Canton, Ohio) is introduced as a rivaling dance company. Every week on the show, Abby uses a pyramid chart to show the moms and the dancers who she feels did the best in her eyes, and who needs to improve. Miller had never used a pyramid In her studio prior to Dance Moms, and when asked about the pyramid Miller stated in an interview, "I've never done that in my life. That has nothing to do with me. That's the show; they came up with that whole process." The pyramid changes every week, and it has been reflected that the mom's behavior can often affect the girls' placement on the pyramid. The choreographers are Abby Lee Miller who is the director of Reign Dance Productions (formerly Maryen Lorrain Dance Studio) which houses the Abby Lee Dance Company to which she is owner and chief choreographer. And Gianna Martello is an instructor for RDP specializing in all genres including tap dance, en pointe, and acrobatics, and is also the assistant choreographer for the ALDC Junior Elite Competition team. The moms and their daughters are. Melissa Ziegler-Gisoni is the mother of Maddie,  a lyrical dancer who also enjoys tap, and Mackenzie, and acro dancer. Ziegler was once a part-time receptionist for Miller's studio, bur has since switched jobs to spend more time watching her daughters dance. Ziegler is perceived as a doting mother who encourages her daughters' blossoming careers, but is shown as defensive when the other mothers voice criticism about Miller's own doting habits. In Season 4, Ziegler begins homeschooling her daughters for more studio time. Both daughters are performers outside of the show. Younger daughter Mackenzie had her singing debut and released an album under the stage name "Mack Z" while older daughter Maddie has appeared in Drop Dead Diva, and the music video for Sia's Chandelier. Maddie also appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show where she performed the choreography from Chandelier. Christi Lukasiak is the mother of Chloe, a contemporary/lyrical dancer. Lukasiak was the owner of Children's fitness franchise, but has since sold her business to spend more time with her growing familt. Luksiak is perceived as a opinionated woman and protective mother, especially when she feels her daughter is belittled by Miller. Miller sometimes dotes on Lukasiak's daughter's abilities, but often regulates to arguing about Miller's teaching technique or Lukasiak's daughter's emotionally. Jill Vertes is the mother of Kendall, a jazz dancer with growing abilities in contemporary dance. Vertes was initially noted as a "studio hopper" and has since found her niche at Miler's studio after her daughter's audition in Season 2. Vertes, early on, was perceived as a brown-noser, but her daughter's growing abilities are well-spoken for. Her daughter is slowly raising in the eyes of her Miller earning more dance opportunities. Holly Frazier is the mother of Nia, an acro dancer who also enjoys musical theater. Frazier was a full-time educator, and was once perceived as the most rational mother of Miller's teaching technique. Frazier has since given up her office career in an effort to spend time at the studio rediscovering her daughter's dace potential. Kira Girard is the mother of Kalani Hilliker, a contemporary/lyrical dancer who joins the ALDC amid Season 4. Girard was perceived as naive about the familiarity of the Elite team,but later becomes versed in the mother's voices while finding her own. Prior to Dance Moms, Girard and her daughter appeared on Season 2 of AUDC. Also becoming Miller's favorite in the season. Leslie Ackerman, is the mother of Payton, a Senior dancer often used as a swing when a dancer is unable to perform. Ackerman is perceived as head-strong and stubborn about her daughter's placement on the team despite Miller denying her membership after auditioning in Season 2, but her abilities allows her to perform on an irregular basis. Originally, Payton was going to be on the team in place of Nia. The former mother are, Kelly Hyland who is the mother of Brooke and Paige. Appearing in 75 episodes and attending 60 competitions, Hyland was dis-invited from the ALDC in Season 4 after a dispute with Abby. Her children have danced for Miller for many years as well as herself being taught by Miller. Cathy Nesbitt-Stein is the mother of Vivi-Anne. Stein left the ALDC on her own accord in Season 1 to return to her own studio, Candy Apples Dance Center. She occasionally appears on the show with her competition team to compete against the ALDC. She tries many times to defeat Miller's dance team by has not gotten a long time result. Kristie Ray is the mother of Asia. Appearing in nine episodes and attending seven competitions, Ray, left ALDC on her own accord at the end of Season 3. Jacjie Lucia is the mother of Sophia. Appearing in three episodes and attending two competitions, Lucia left the ALDC on her own accord amid Season 3. Shelly Serigne, Gloria Hampton, and Marcia Hoffheins are the mothers of Ally, Kaeli, and Bella respectively. These girls were members of the replacement team in Season 3. Due to heavy criticism, the Season 2 episode "Topless Showgirls" which aired on March 6, 2012, has been removed from rotation. The episode features the young dancers performing a burlesque-style routine and wearing sequined, flesh toned bra tops and tights in an effort to simulate the idea they are nude. Miller defends her costume choice saying, "Everyone in the industry knows the girls are completely covered and everything's harmless." Lifetime confirms pulling the episode on March 23, 2012. The episode is not included on the DVD. On January 29, 2014, Miller announced that Kelly Hyland and her two daughters Brooke and Paige are no longer contracted with and will no longer appear on Dance Moms as stated on an appearance with The View. Hyland was arrested in early January on alleged assault charges after a dispute backstage at a dance competition held in New York City during filming the show's fourth season in November 2013. Hyland appeared in court with Miller on January 21, 2014 and pleaded "not guilty" to charges of physical assault. Proceedings were to resume in March. At the hearing in March, without explanation, a Bronx Country Supreme Court Judge again adjourned the hearing to May 5, 2014. Legal expert Rosemarie Arnold opined that because the episode aired on TV, Kelly Hyland's defense that the "smack down" was scripted was a viable defense. The episode featuring the incident between Hyland and Miller aired on February 11, 2014. A spin-off series, Dance Moms: Miami set in Miami, Florida at Victor Smalley and Angel Armas' dance studio, Stars Dance Studio, premiered on April 3, 2012, but was cancelled in September 2012. In mid-2013, it was announced that Miler would host a sister program entitled "Abby's Ultimate Dance Competition." The series follows Miller and ther dance professionals judging twelve young dancers aged 6-13 years on different styles of dance hoping to find the most versatile dancer of the group. The series premiered on October 9, 2012. In April 2014, it was announced that Miler would host another sister program entitled, "Abby's Studio Rescue." The series chronicles Abby Lee Miller as she visits dance studios across the country to assists them by improving their choreography, studio decor, staff and other aspects. It is set to premiere on June 24, 2014. A British version of Dance Moms entitled Dance Mums was announced. Jennifer Ellison will front the series and it will be set at her Liverpool dance school, Fame Academy. Dance Mums will be produced by Shiver. On June 24th, during the premiere episode of "Abby's Studio Rescue" a spin-off titled "Raising Asia" starring Asia Monet Ray was announced. The docuseries will follow Monet Ray and her model mom alongside record-holding bodybuilder dad and younger sister Bella Blu helping reach Asia dreams of fame in showbiz. Well that is it my post on Dance Moms I hope that you liked it. If you would like to know more about Dance Moms or any of the things or people I talked about in this post then you can go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dance_Moms if yu have a request for a post then please feel free to give me your request I always take request and would be happy to write a post for you as well. 

Master Pfriem

                                             Master Pfriem

Master pfriem (a cobbler's awl) was a short, thin, but lively man, who never
rested a moment.  His face, of which his turned-up nose was
the only prominent feature, was marked with smallpox and pale as
death.  His hair was gray and shaggy, his eyes small, but they
glanced perpetually about on all sides.  He saw everything,
criticized everything, knew everything best, and was always in
the right.  When he went into the streets, he moved his arms
about as if he were rowing, and once he struck the pail of a girl
so high in the air that he himself was wetted all over by the
water she was carrying.  Idiot.  Cried he to her, shaking
himself, could you not see that I was coming behind you.  By trade
he was a shoemaker, and when he worked he pulled his thread out
with such force that he drove his fist into everyone who did not
keep far enough off.  No apprentice stayed more than a month with
him, for he had always some fault to find with the very best work.
At one time it was that the stitches were not even, at another
that one shoe was too long, or one heel higher than the other,
or the leather not cut large enough.  Wait, said he to his
apprentice, I will soon show you how we make skins soft.  And
he brought a strap and gave him a couple of lashes across the
back.  He called them all sluggards.  He
himself did not turn much work out of his hands, for he never sat
still for a quarter of an hour.  If his wife got up very early in
the morning and lighted the fire, he jumped out of bed, and ran
barefooted into the kitchen, crying, will you burn my house down
for me.  That is a fire one could roast an ox by.  Does wood cost
nothing.  If the servants were standing by their wash-tubs and
laughing, and telling each other what they knew, he scolded them,
and said, there stand the geese cackling, and forgetting their
work, to gossip.  And why fresh soap.  Disgraceful extravagance
and shameful idleness into the bargain.  They want to save their
hands, and not rub the things properly.  And out he would run and
knock a pail full of soap and water over, so that the whole
kitchen was flooded.  Someone was building a new house, so he
hurrried to the window to look on.  There, they are using that
red sand-stone again that never dries, cried he.  No one will
ever be healthy in that house.  And just look how badly the
fellows are laying the stones.  Besides, the mortar is good for
nothing.  It ought to have gravel in it, not sand.  I shall live
to see that house tumble down on the people who are in it.
He sat down, put a couple of stitches in, and then jumped up
again, unfastened his leather-apron, and cried, I will just go
out, and appeal to those men's consciences.  He stumbled on the
carpenters.  What's this, cried he, you are not working by the
line.  Do you expect the beams to be straight - one wrong will
put all wrong.  He snatched an axe out of a carpenter's hand and
wanted to show him how he ought to cut, but as a cart loaded
with clay came by, he threw the axe away, and hastened to the
peasant who was walking by the side of it, you are not in your
right mind, said he, who yokes young horses to a heavily-laden
cart.  The poor beasts will die on the spot.  The peasant did
not give him an answer, and pfriem in a rage ran back into his
work-shop.  When he was setting himself to work again, the
apprentice reached him a shoe.  Well, what's that again, screamed
he, haven't I told you you ought not to cut shoes so broad.  Who
would buy a shoe like this, which is hardly anything else but a
sole.  I insist on my orders being followed exactly.  Master,
answered the apprentice, you may easily be quite right about the
shoe being a bad one, but it is the one which you yourself cut
out, and yourself set to work at.  When you jumped up a while
ago, you knocked it off the table, and I have only just picked it
up.  An angel from heaven, however, would never make you believe
that.
One night master pfriem dreamed he was dead, and on his way to
heaven.  When he got there, he knocked loudly at the door.  I
wonder, said he to himself, that they have no knocker on the door,
one knocks one's knuckles sore.  The apostle peter opened the door,
and wanted to see who demanded admission so noisily.  Ah, it's you
master pfriem, said he, well, I'll let you in, but I warn you
that you must give up that habit of yours, and find fault with
nothing you see in heaven, or you may fare ill.  You might have
spared your warning, answered pfriem.  I know already what is
seemly, and here, God be thanked, everything is perfect, and there
is nothing to blame as there is on earth.  So he went in, and
walked up and down the wide expanses of heaven.  He looked
around him, to the left and to the right, but sometimes shook his
head, or muttered something to himself.  Then he saw two angels
who were carrying away a beam.  It was the beam which someone had
had in his own eye whilst he was looking for the splinter in the
eye of another.  They did not carry the beam lengthways,
however, but obliquely.  Did anyone ever see such a piece of
stupidity, thought master pfriem.  But he said nothing, and seemed
satisfied with it.  It comes to the same thing after all,
whichever way they carry the beam, straight or athwart, if they
only get along with it, and truly I do not see them knock against
anything.  Soon after this he saw two angels who were drawing
water out of a well into a bucket, but at the same time he
observed that the bucket was full of holes, and that the water
was running out of it on every side.  They were watering the
earth with rain.  Hang it, he exclaimed, but happily recollected
himself, and thought, perhaps it is only a pastime.  If it is
an amusement, then it seems they can do useless things of this
kind, especially here in heaven, where people, as I have already
noticed, do nothing but idle about.  He went farther
and saw a cart which had stuck fast in a deep hole.  It's no
wonder, said he to the man who stood by, who would load so
unreasonably.  What have you there.  Good wishes, replied the man,
I could not get on the right way with it, but still I have pushed
it safely up here, and here they won't leave me stuck.  In fact
an angel did come and harness two horses to it.  That's quite
right, thought pfriem, but two horses won't get that cart out, it
must at least have four to it.  Another angel came and brought
two more horses, she did not harness them in front of it,
however, but behind.  That was too much for master pfriem, clumsy
creature, he burst out, what are you doing there.  Has anyone
ever since the world began seen a cart drawn in that way.  But
you, in your conceited arrogance, think that you know everything
best.  He was going to say more, but one of the inhabitants of
heaven seized him by the throat and pushed him forth with
irresistible strength.  B
eneath the gateway master pfriem turned
his head round to take one more look at the cart, and saw that it
was being raised into the air by four winged horses.
At this moment master pfriem awoke.  Things are certainly
arranged in heaven otherwise than they are on earth, said he to
himself, and that excuses much, but who can see horses harnessed
both behind and before with patience.  To be sure they had wings
but who could know that.  It is, beside, great folly to fix a
pair of wings to a horse that has four legs to run with already.
But I must get up, or else they will make nothing but mistakes
in my house.  It is a lucky thing though, that I am not
really dead.
 The End
By: The Brothers Grimm