Saturday, April 19, 2014

Beast of Bray Road

Today I am going to write about the Beast of Bray Road. Lets begin with this post. The Beast of Bray Road (or the Bray Road Beast) is a cryptid, or cryptozoological, creature first reported in 1949 on a rual road outside of Elkhorn, Wisconsin. The same label has been applied well beyond the initial location, to any unknown creature from southern Wisconsin or northern Illinois and all the way to Vancouver Island, Canada that is described as having similar characteristics to those reported in the initial set of sightings. Bray Road itself is a quiet country road near the community of Elkhorn. The rash of claimed sightings in the late 1980s and early 1990s prompted a local newspaper, the Walworth County Week, to assign reporter Linda Godfrey to cover the story. Godfrey initially was skeptical, but later became convinced of the sincerity of the witnesses. Her series of articles later became a book titled The Beast of Bray Road: Trailing Wisconsin's Werewolf. The Beast of Bray Road is described by purported witnesses in several ways: as a bear-like creature, as a hairy biped resembling Bigfoot, ans as an unusually large (2-4 feet tall on all fours, 7 feet tall standing up) intelligent wolf-like creature apt to walk on its hind legs and weighing 400-700 pounds. It also said that its fur is a brown gray color resembling a dog or bear. Although the Beast of Bray Road has not been seen to transforms from a human into a wolf in any of the sightings, it has been labeled a werewolf in newspaper articles. A number of animal-based theories have been proposed. They include that the creature is an undiscovered variety of wild dog, a waheela (said to be a giant prehistoric wolf similar to Amarok) or a wolfdog or a coydog. It is also possible that hoaxes and mass hysteria have caused some falsehood and sightings of normal creatures to all be artificially lumped under the same label. Concurrently with the sightings in Wisconsin, there was a rash of similar encounters in the neighboring state of Michigan. Following the release of "The Legend" a popular song about the Michigan Dogman in 1987, author Steve Cook received dozens of reports, including photograph and film evidence of the creature described. In 2002 a film surfaced, supposedly made in the 1970s. It became known as the Gable film because of a paper label affixed to the box. The film, just over 3 minutes long, shows at first what looks lie simple home movies, of kids riding snowmobiles, a man washing his truck. Near the end of the film, the person videotaping is riding down a remote dirt road, when he stops and goes out to check what looks to be a huge bulky creature on all fours. The creature suddenly runs after the cameraman, who tries to run away, before there is a rustling and a brief shot of teeth and fangs before the camera falls to the ground. A second film was "discovered" and showed a police investigation after the cameraman in the first film is found dead. The police camera pans over to two officers examining the body, which is revealed to have been torn in half by whatever attacked the cameraman. In posts to several cryptozoology and related forums, a user identified as Don Coyote stated that he knew a relative of the dead body in the film. The relative said that the officer saw something that was apparently very traumatic. The officer lost his mind and began rambling "Dogs have four toes, Bears have five." For years, the debate raged about whether the film were real or not. Finally in 2010, on the History Channel program, Monster Quest, Steve Cook confirmed that both films were fake, made in 2002 by Mike Agrusa, who had been a longtime fan of Cook's "The Legend" a song about the dogman. The "creature" in the first film was actually a man in a Chillie suit. The body in the second film was made of painted styrofoam. Although Monster Quest dramatized the event to make it appear that their expert had analyzed and found curious flaws in the film, in the film, then dispatched werewolf expert Linda Godfrey to interrogate Cook to determine the truth, Cook claimed in a lengthy blog post that he informed all parties involved in the production that the film was fake weeks before filming on the episode began. The Beast of Bray Road appears in the television program Mystery Hunters as well as several books and a motion picture. Articles about it have appeared in Weekly World News. The sightings spawned a 2005 exploitation movie directed by Leigh Scott titled The Beast of Bray Road. The History Channel's TV series MonsterQuest launched and investigation on the beast, in which all witnesses were subjected to lie detector tests. The Polygraph administrator could find no indication that any of the witnesses had fabricated their stories.  It has appeared in a season 3 episode of Lost Tapes, in which it attacks members of a radical militia. Heavy metal band Cage wrote and released the song "The Beast of Bray Road" which appeared on their 2011 album Supremacy of Steel. A man by the name of Edison T. Crux wrote a novel titled "Tale of the Wisconsin Werewolf" based on this mythology. Well that is my post on the Beast of Bray Road, I hope that you liked it and if you would like to know more about the Beast of Bray Road and also see where I got my information then you can go to also if you have a request for a post then please feel free to make it I always take request. 

Friday, April 18, 2014

Rise of the Guardians

Today I am writing a movie review for Rise of the Guardian a movie I enjoyed. I watched this movie when it came out and meant to writ a post about it but forgot so I am doing this now. So lets begin with this post. Rise of the Guardians is as 2012 American 3D computer-animated fantasy film based on William Joyce's The Guardians of Childhood book series and The Man in the Moon short film by Joyce and Reel FX. Peter Ramsey directed the film, while Joyce and Guillermo del Toro were executive producers. Produced by DreamWorks Animation and disturbed by Paramount Pictures, it was released on November 21, 2012 and received mixed to positive reviews, but was disappointing financially, contributing to a studio writedown of $83 million for hte quater and the layoffs of 350 employees. Set about 300 years after the book series, the film tells a story about Guardian Santa Claus, the Tooth Fairy, the Easter Bunny, and the Sandman, who enlist Jack Frost to stop Pitch Black from engulfing the world in darkness. It features the voices of Chris Pine (Jack Frost) Alec Baldwin (Santa Claus) Hugh Jackman (the Easter Bunny) Isla Fisher (the Tooth Fairy) and Jude Law (Pitch) The film was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film. This is the last film by Dreamworks Animation to be distributed by Paramount Pictures. The spirit of winter, Jack Frost is lifted with amnesia from the depths of a frozen pond by the Man in the Moon, only to discover no one can see, hear, or touch him. Three hundred years later, at the North Pole, North, better known as Santa Claus, becomes aware that Pitch Black, the Boogeyman, has returned and is threatening the children of the world. After alerting fellow Guardians the Tooth Fairy (Tooth for short) the Easter Bunny, and the Sandman/Sandy of the problem, North learns that Jack Frost has been selected by the Man in the Moon as the newest Guardian. Jack Frost, frustrated and hurt by centuries of isolation, decline the invitation, but North persuades Jack Frost to cooperate by explaining their mission and the looming threat. Meanwhile, Pitch Black and his Nightmare minions raid Tooth's palace, taking all the children's teeth and the memories stored within. He also captures Tooth's helper fairies except for a single fairy named Baby Tooth who is rescued by Jack Frost. Resentful that he himself is not believed in, Pitch plans to destroy children's faith in the Guardians and thereby weaken them by preventing Tooth from doing her work. To avert this, the Guardians travel the world collecting teeth, and promise Jack that when they find Pitch, they will help him regain his own baby teeth and through them memories of his past life. On the expedition, a young boy named Jamie Bennett is delighted to discover the Guardians in his room. He believes in all of them except for Jack, whom he cannot see. Pitch learns of the Guardians' resistance and attacks Jack and Sandy. Despite Jack's efforts to save him, Sandy is overwhelmed and seemingly killed by Pitch. The dejected Guardians rally by helping Bunnymund prepare his eggs for Easter. Although slightly complicated by the intrusion of Jamie's sister Sophie, the preparation goes smoothly. Jack takes Sophie home, but afterward a mysterious female voice lures him to Pitch's lair where Tooth's fairies and the teeth are being held. Pitch keeps him distracted with the promise of his teeth's memories, while Jack's adsence allows the Nightmares to raid Bunnymund's domain shattering all the eggs and destroying the children's belief in the Easter Bunny. After facing the disappointed Guardians, a despondent Jack departs in disgrace to Antarctica. There, Pitch temps him to join forces, but Jack refuses, claiming that he wants to be loved, not feared. In retaliation for rejecting the offer, Pitch threatens to kill Baby Tooth unless Jack relinquishes the source of his power which is his staff. Pitch breaks the staff and throws Jack and Baby Tooth down into an ice crevasse out of anger, where Baby Tooth convinces Jack to unlock his memories in an attempt to counter his despair. Long go, his memories teach him, he was a mortal teenage boy who died of saving his little sister from falling through the ice of the pond in which he awakened at the film's start. Because of that sacrifice, the Man in the Moon changed him into a spirit and chose him as a Guardian. Inspired by the revelation, Jack restores his staff and returns to help the Guardians. Due to the power of Pitch's Nightmares only one child (Jamie) still believes. Jack races to the boy first and strengthens Jamie's wavering faith in the Guardians, but by creating snow in Jamie's room, he causes him to believe that Jack Frost is real. Jamie is finally able to see him much to Jack's delighted surprise. The weakened Guardians arrive to confront Pitch, while Jamie gathers his friends to support them. Pitch's powers prove no match against the children's faith, which allows the restored Guardian to battle Pitch. Sandy is resurrected by this belief and joins the fight, leaving Pitch defeated, the children's faith restored, and Jack with believers of his own. Upon seeing that he is no longer believed in because of his defeat, Pitch attempts to escape, but his Nightmares track down his fear and drag him away into his lair. At this victory, Jack accepts his place at the Guardian of Fun and resolves to protect the world's children with his new friends. Rise of the Guardians was released on Blu-ray (2D and 3D) and DVD on March 12, 2013. This was the last DreamWors Animation home media release to be distributed by Paramount Home Entertainment, since 20th Century Fox announced its distribution agreement with DreamWorks Animation a few months before the theatrical release. The film was more successful at home media sales than at the box office, having at the end of the second quarter of 2013 "the highest box office to DVD conversion ratio among major release." In the first quarter of 2013 it sold 3.2 million home entertainment units worldwide, and in the second quarter 0.9 million units, for a total of 4.1 million units. As of August 2013, 2 million DVDs were sold domestically. It was re-released on DVD on November 5, 2013 and come with a wind-up elf toy. A video game based on the film was released by D3 Publisher on November 20, 2012 in North America, and released on November 23, 2012 in Europe. It allows gamers to lead the Guardians in their battle against Pitch. The game is a 3D beat-em-up where the player travels through each of the worlds: Burgess, North Pole, Bunnymund Valley, Tooth Palace, and Sandman's Ship, in order to fight Pitch's army of Nightmares. The player can switch between all five guardians at any time, and freely customize their powers, and they learn new special abilities as they level up. All the game versions support up to 4 player gameplay. It is available on the Wii, Wii U, Xbox 360, Playstation 3, Nintendo DS and Nintendo 3 DS.  After the release of the film, the creators of Rise of the Guardians expressed hope that the strong A-Cinemascore average for the film and an enthusiastic word-of-mouth would gather support for the "chance to make a sequel or two." Author and co-producer of the series, William Joyce, also mentioned in March 2013 that he was still in talks about a sequel with DreamWorks Animation: "There is something that we are proposing that we hope they will  want to do."Well that is it my post is over if you would like to know more about the Rise of the Guardians or see where I got most of my information then you can go to or if you have a request for a review for a television show, or movie, or anything just let me know and I would be happy to write a post for you and I always take request. 

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Spirituality Vs. Religion

Today is as the title suggest I am going to write about spirituality vs. religion I am not here trying to sway anybody towards or away from religion or spirituality, this is just a age old debate I personally find interesting so I decided to share it. So lets begin. Spirituality vs. religion is an ancient debate. For some, religion is a set of dogmas and for a few it is a way of life. Some believe spirituality to be a bogus conundrum, while some affirm it to be the purpose of life. Irrespective of who has to say what, both spirituality and religion lead the followers on a path to choose the right and do the right thing. The distinction between the two is a fine line of perspective. One needs to have a keen eye for exploration to see what is the difference between psychology of religion and spirituality. Both spirituality and religion aim to take an individual towards the ultimate goal of life. A religion does so by spoon-feeding the individual. Religion gives the person set guideline and asks him/her to follow. Often, religious beliefs instill fear of God in you and make you do things without questioning them. Spirituality is worship of self as it believes God resides in you and nowhere outside. The reasons to do so, often remain unexplained. On the other hand, spirituality is an individual experience of the encompassing effect. A spiritual person finds his own way, travels it alone and reaches there in a state of euphoria. Following a religion is doing a duty, whereas being spiritual is being who you are.  So what is religion? Religion is a framework to a way of living life. It is a set of rules that guides its follower and owns its followers. Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Judaism, Buddhism and Jainism are some of the well-known religious of the world. Each of these religions indulge in certain practices of worship, to reach God. Whether it's idol worship or worshiping scriptures, each of these religion is guideline for worshiping. They are governed by beliefs designed by sages and saints who practiced the same. These religious faith and beliefs have been formed, to some extent, by cultural conditioning. World religions have been passed on to us over generations. They take the form of traditions and customs, which decide the way we live our lives. In totality, religion is what sets our lives in a direction, and in a large way grooms us. So what is spirituality? Spirituality is not bound by any rules. It does not follow any religion and neither does it adhere to any set of principles. Spirituality is the art and science of self-realization. It's a practice of knowing each part of your body. Being spiritual means awakening the very spirit of being who you are. It's means to recognize what you are made of. It can seem complex in the beginning. However, all of us are spiritual beings, it is just a matter of realizing it. Spirituality is a walk towards the ultimate goal of your life. In essence, it's your journey to find yourself. There are many schools of thought the believe in uniting with the pure mental and physical being by meditating. Meditation is focusing on breathing, which is the very reason for existence. Spirituality against religion will no longer be a debate for you, if you can see beyond it. Beyond it lies the task of finding your purpose of life, fulfilling it and living it wholeheartedly. Today, I can finally find the words to answer my mother, who thinks I am an atheist. Atheism does not mean, not believing in God. God is a supreme power, the ultimate goal, the eventual destination or a unive rsal belief. An atheist many not believe in an idol, but he sure does believe. The fact that one believes, is good enough to set them on the path, life has in store for them. So, spirituality versus religion, does not matter as long as you are ready to explore this life, the only one that you have. Well that is the post if you would like to know more then you can go to  that is also where I got my information for this post. If you have a request for a post then you can also make a request I always take request and would be happy to write a post for you.

Monday, April 14, 2014

The Two Sisters

                                                          The Two Sisters

Once upon a time there were two sisters who were as like each other as two peas in a pod; but one was good, and the other was bad-tempered. Now their father had no work, so the girls began to think of going to service.
“I will go first and see what I can make of it,” said the younger sister, ever so cheerfully, “then you, sis, can follow if I have good luck.”
So she packed up a bundle, said good-bye, and started to find a place; but no one in the town wanted a girl, and she went farther afield into the country. And as she journeyed she came upon an oven in which a lot of loaves were baking. Now as she passed, the loaves cried out with one voice:
“Little girl! Little girl! Take us out! Please take us out! We have been baking for seven years, and no one has come to take us out. Do take us out or we shall soon be burnt!”
Then, being a kind, obliging little girl, she stopped, put down her bundle, took out the bread, and went on her way saying:
“You will be more comfortable now.”
After a time she came to a cow lowing beside an empty pail, and the cow said to her:
“Little girl! Little girl! Milk me! Please milk me! Seven years have I been waiting, but no one has come to milk me!”
So the kind girl stopped, put down her bundle, milked the cow into the pail, and went on her way saying:
“Now you will be more comfortable.”
By and by she came to an apple tree so laden with fruit that its branches were nigh to break, and the apple tree called to her:
“Little girl! Little girl! Please shake my branches. The fruit is so heavy I can’t stand straight!”
Then the kind girl stopped, put down her bundle, and shook the branches so that the apples fell off, and the tree could stand straight. Then she went on her way saying:
“You will be more comfortable now.”
So she journeyed on till she came to a house where an old witch-woman lived. Now this witch-woman wanted a servant-maid, and promised good wages. Therefore the girl agreed to stop with her and try how she liked service. She had to sweep the floor, keep the house clean and tidy, the fire bright and cheery. But there was one thing the witch-woman said she must never do; and that was look up the chimney!

The Two Sisters (Arthur Rackham)
“If you do,” said the witch-woman, “something will fall down on you, and you will come to a bad end.” Well! the girl swept, and dusted, and made up the fire; but ne’er a penny of wages did she see. Now the girl wanted to go home as she did not like witch-service; for the witch used to have boiled babies for supper, and bury the bones under some stones in the garden. But she did not like to go home penniless; so she stayed on, sweeping, and dusting, and doing her work, just as if she was pleased. Then one day, as she was sweeping up the hearth, down tumbled some soot, and, without remembering she was forbidden to look up the chimney, she looked up to see where the soot came from. And, lo and behold! a big bag of gold fell plump into her lap.
Now the witch happened to be out on one of her witch errands; so the girl thought it a fine opportunity to be off home.
So she kilted up her petticoats and started to run home; but she had only gone a little way when she heard the witch-woman coming after her on her broomstick. Now the apple tree she had helped to stand straight happened to be quite close; so she ran to it and cried:
“Apple tree! Apple tree, hide me
So the old witch can’t find me,
For if she does she’ll pick my bones,
And bury me under the garden stones.”
Then the apple tree said, “Of course I will. You helped me to stand straight, and one good turn deserves another.”
So the apple tree hid her finely in its green branches; and when the witch flew past saying:
“Tree of mine! O Tree of mine!
Have you seen my naughty little maid
With a willy willy wag and a great big bag,
She’s stolen my money—all I had?”
The apple tree answered:
“No, mother dear,
Not for seven year!”
So the witch flew on the wrong way, and the girl got down, thanked the tree politely, and started again. But just as she got to where the cow was standing beside the pail, she heard the witch coming again, so she ran to the cow and cried:
“Cow! Cow, please hide me
So the witch can’t find me;
If she does she’ll pick my bones,
And bury me under the garden stones!”
“Certainly I will,” answered the cow. “Didn’t you milk me and make me comfortable? Hide yourself behind me and you’ll be quite safe.”
And when the witch flew by and called to the cow:
“O Cow of mine! Cow of mine!
Have you seen my naughty little maid
With a willy willy wag and a great big bag,
Who stole my money—all that I had?”
She just said politely:
“No, mother dear,
Not for seven year!”
Then the old witch went on in the wrong direction, and the girl started afresh on her way home; but just as she got to where the oven stood, she heard that horrid old witch coming behind her again; so she ran as fast as she could to the oven and cried:
“O Oven! Oven! hide me
So as the witch can’t find me,
For if she does she’ll pick my bones,
And bury them under the garden stones.”
Then the oven said, “I am afraid there is no room for you, as another batch of bread is baking; but there is the baker—ask him.”
So she asked the baker, and he said, “Of course I will. You saved my last batch from being burnt; so run into the bakehouse, you will be quite safe there, and I will settle the witch for you.”
So she hid in the bakehouse, only just in time, for there was the old witch calling angrily:
“O Man of mine! Man of mine!
Have you seen my naughty little maid
With a willy willy wag and a great big bag,
Who’s stole my money—all I had?”
Then the baker replied, “Look in the oven. She may be there.”
And the witch alighted from her broomstick and peered into the oven: but she could see no one.
“Creep in and look in the farthest corner,” said the baker slyly, and the witch crept in, when——
he shut the door in her face, and there she was roasting. And when she came out with the bread she was all crisp and brown, and had to go home as best she could and put cold cream all over her!
But the kind, obliging little girl got safe home with her bag of money.
Now the ill-tempered elder sister was very jealous of this good luck, and determined to get a bag of gold for herself. So she in her turn packed up a bundle and started to seek service by the same road. But when she came to the oven, and the loaves begged her to take them out because they had been baking seven years and were nigh to burning, she tossed her head and said:
“A likely story indeed, that I should burn my fingers to save your crusts. No, thank you!”
And with that she went on till she came across the cow standing waiting to be milked beside the pail. But when the cow said:
“Little girl! Little girl! Milk me! Please milk me, I’ve waited seven years to be milked——”
She only laughed and replied, “You may wait another seven years for all I care. I’m not your dairymaid!”
And with that she went on till she came to the apple tree, all overburdened by its fruit. But when it begged her to shake its branches, she only giggled, and plucking one ripe apple, said:
“One is enough for me: you can keep the rest yourself.” And with that she went on munching the apple, till she came to the witch-woman’s house.
Now the witch-woman, though she had got over being crisp and brown from the oven, was dreadfully angry with all little maid-servants, and made up her mind this one should not trick her. So for a long time she never went out of the house; thus the ill-tempered sister never had a chance of looking up the chimney, as she had meant to do at once. And she had to dust, and clean, and brush, and sweep ever so hard, until she was quite tired out.
But one day, when the witch-woman went into the garden to bury her bones, she seized the moment, looked up the chimney, and, sure enough, a bag of gold fell plump into her lap!
Well! she was off with it in a moment, and ran and ran till she came to the apple tree, when she heard the witch-woman behind her. So she cried as her sister had done:
“Apple tree! Apple tree, hide me
So the old witch can’t find me,
For if she does she’ll break my bones,
Or bury me under the garden stones.”
But the apple tree said:
“No room here! I’ve too many apples.”
So she had to run on; and when the witch-woman on her broomstick came flying by and called:
“O Tree of mine! Tree of mine!
Have you seen a naughty little maid
With a willy willy wag and a great big bag,
Who’s stolen my money—all I had?”
The apple tree replied:
“Yes, mother dear,
She’s gone down there.”
Then the witch-woman went after her, caught her, gave her a thorough good beating, took the bag of money away from her, and sent her home without a penny payment for all her dusting, and sweeping, and brushing, and cleaning.

By:Arthur Rackham  The Two Sisters (Arthur Rackham)

Nazca Lines

Today I am going to write about the Nazca Lines. I think they are amazing, I think you may find them cool, or interesting. So lets begin with this post. The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. They were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. The high, arid plateau stretches more than 8 kilometers (50 mi) between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana about 400 m south of Lima. Although some local geoglyphs resemble Paracas motifs, scholars believe the Nazca Lines were created by the Nazca culture between 400 and 650 AD. The hundreds of individual figures range in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks, orcas, and lizards. The lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the reddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish/gray ground beneath.  Hundreds are simple lines or geometric shapes; more than seventy are zoomorphic designs of animals such as birds, fish, llamas, jaguar, monkey, or human figures. Other designs include phytomorphic shapes such as trees ad flowers. The largest figures are over 200 meters (660 ft) across. Scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs, but in general they ascribe religious significance to them. Other theories have been summarized as follows: "The geometric ones could indicate the flow of water or to be connected to rituals to summon water. The spiders, birds, and plants could be fertility symbols. Other possible explanations include irrigation schemes or giant astronomical calendars." Due to the dry, windless, and stable climate in the plateau and its isolation, for the most part the lines have been preserved. Extremely rare changes in weather may temporarily alter the general designs. As of recent years, the lines have been deteriorating to an influx of squatters inhabiting the lands. Contrary to the popular belief that the lines and figures can only be seen with the aid of flight, they are visible from atop the surrounding foothills. The first mention of the Nazca lines in print was by Pedro Cieza de Leon in his book of 1533, where he mistook them for trail markers. Interest in them lapsed until the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe spotted them while he was hiking through foothills in 1927. He discussed them at a conference in Lima, Peru in 1939, although it must be added that although some of the figures can be worked out from the surrounding foothills the full designs cannot be truly appreciated unless viewed from the sky. Paul Kosok, a historian from Long Island University, is credited as the first scholar to seriously study the Nazca Lines. In the country in 1940-41 go study ancient irrigation systems, he flew over the lines and realized that one was in the shape of a bird. Another chance helped him see how lines converged at the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere. He began to study how the lines might have been created, as well as to try to determine their purpose. He was joined by Maria Reiche, a German mathematician and archaeologist to help figure out the purpose of the Nazca Lines. They proposed one of the earliest reasons for the existence of the figures: to be markers on the horizon to show where the sun and other celestial bodies rose. Archaeologist, historians, and mathematicians have all struggled to determine the purpose of the lines. Determining how they were made has been easier than figuring why they were made. Nazca people could of used simple tools and surveying equipment to construct the lines. Archaeological surveys have found wooden stakes in the ground at the end of some lines, which support this theory. One such stake carbon-dated and was the basis for establishing the age of the design complex. The scholar Joe Nickell of the University of Kentucky has reproduced the figures by using tools and technology available to the Nazca people. The National Geographic called his work "remarkable in its exactness" when compared to the actual lines. With careful planning and simple technologies, a small team of people could recreate even the earliest figures within days, without any aerial assistance. On the ground, most of the lines are formed by a shallow trench with a depth of between 10 cm (3.9 in) and 15 cm (5.9 in). Such trenches were made by removing the reddish-brown iron oxide-coated pebbles that cover the surface of the Nazca desert. When this gravel is removed the light-colored clay earth which is exposed in the bottom of the trench produces lines which contrast sharply in color and tone with the surrounding land surface. This sublayer contains high amounts of lime which, with the morning mist, hardens to form a protective layer that shields the lines from winds, thereby preventing erosion. The Nazca "drew" several hundred simple but huge curvilinear animal and human figures by this technique. In total, the earthwork project is huge and complex: the area encompassing the lines is nearly 500 square kilometers (190 sq. mi) and the largest figures can span nearly 270 meters (890 ft). Some of the measurements for the figures include that the Hummingbird is 93 meters (310 ft) long, the Condor is 134 meters (440 ft) the Monkey is 93 meters (310 ft) by 58 meters (190 ft) and the spider is 47 meters (150 ft). The extremely dry, windless, and constant climate of the Nazca region has preserved the lines well. The Nazca desert is one of the driest on Earth and maintains a temperature around 25 °C (77 °F) all year round. The lack of wind has helped keep the lines uncovered and visible to the present day. The discovery of two new small figures was announced in early 2011 by a Japanese team from Yamagata University. One of these resembles a human head and is dated to the early period of Nazca culture or earlier and the other, undated, an animal. In March 2012 the university announced that a new research center would be opened at the site in September 2012 to study the area for the next 15 years. The team has been doing field work there since 2006 when it found about 100 new geoglyphs. In 2013, it was reported machinery used in a limestone quarry has destroyed a small section of a line, and caused damage to another. Archeologist, ethnologist, and anthropologist have studied the ancient Nazca culture to determine the purpose of the lines and figures. One hypothesis is that the Nazca people created them to be seen by their gods in the sky. Kosok and Reiche advanced a purpose related to astronomy and cosmology: the lines were intended to act as a kind of observatory, to point to the places on the distant horizon where the sun and other celestial bodies rose or set in the solstices. Many prehistoric indigenous cultures in the Americas and elsewhere constructed earthworks that combined such astronomical sightings with their religious cosmology, as did the later Mississippian culture at Cahokia in present-day United States. Another example is Stonehenge in England. But Gerald Hawkins and Anthony Aveni, experts in archaeoastronomy concluded in 1990 that there was insufficient evidence to support such as astronomical explanation. Reiche asserted that some or all of the figures represented constellations. By 1998, Phyllis B. Pitluga, a protégé of Reiche and senior astronomer at the Adler Planetarium in Chicago, had concluded that the animal figures were "representations of heavenly shapes. But she contends they are not shapes of constellations but what might be called counter constellations, the irregular-shaped dark patches within the twinkling expanse of the Milky Way." Aveni criticized her work for falling to account for the details.  In 1985, the archeologist Johan Reinhard published archeological, ethnographic, and historical data demonstrating that worship of the mountains and other water sources predominated in Nazca religion and economy from ancient to recent times. He theorized that the lines as sacred paths leading to places where these deities associated with the availability of water, which directly related to the success and productivity of crops. He interpreted the lines as sacred paths leading to places where these deities could be worshiped. The figures were symbols representing animals and objects meant to invoke the gods' aid in supplying water. The precise meanings of many of the individual geoglyphs remain unsolved as of 2013. Henri Stierlin, a Swiss art historian specializing in Egypt and the Middle East, published a book in 1983 linking  the Nazca Lines to the production of ancient textiles that archeologist have found wrapping mummies of the Paracus culture. He contended that the people may have used the lines an trapezes as giant, primitive looms to fabricate the extremely long strings and wide pieces of textile that are typical of the area. By his theory, the figurative patterns (smaller and less common) were meant only for ritualistic purposes. The theory is not widely accepted, although scholars have noted similarities in patterns between the textiles and the Nazca Lines, which they take as sharing in a common culture. Phyllis Pitluga, senior astronomer at the Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum and a  protégé of Reiche, performed computer-aided studies of star alignments. She asserted that the giant spider figure is an anamorphic diagram of the constellation Orion. She further suggested that three stars of Orion's Belt. In a critique of her analysis, Dr. Anthony F. Aveni noted that she did not account for the other twelve lines of the figure; he commented generally on her conclusions, saying: "I really has trouble finding good evidence to back up what she contended. Pitluga never laid out the criteria for selecting the lines she chose to measure, nor did she pay much attention to the archaeological data Clarkson and Silverman had unearthed. Her case did little justice to other information about the coastal cultures, save applying, with subtle contortions, Urton's representations of constellations from the highlands. As historian Jacuetta Hawkes might ask: was she getting the pampa she desired?" Jim Woodmann believes that the Nazca lines could not be made without some form of manned flight to see the figures properly. Based on his study of available technology, he suggested that a hot air balloon was the only possible means of flight. To test this hypothesis, Woodmann made a hot-air balloon using materials and techniques he understood to have been available to the Nazca people. The balloon flew, after a fashion. Most scholars have rejected Woodmann's thesis as ad hoc, because of the lack of any evidence of such balloons. People trying to preserve the Nazca Lines are concerned about threats of pollution and erosion caused by deforestation in the region. "The Lines themselves are superficial, they are only 10 to 30 cm deep and could be washed away... Nazca has only ever received a small amount of rain.  But now there are great changes to the weather all over the world. The Lines cannot resist heavy rain without being damaged. -- Viktoria Nikitzi of the Maria Reiche Centre. After flooding and mudslides in the area in mid-February 2007, Mario Olaechea Aquije, archeological resident from Peru's National Institute of Culture, and a team of specialists surveyed the area. He said, "[T]he mudslides and heavy rains did not appear to have caused any significant damage to the Nazca Lines," bit the nearby Southern Pan-American Highway did suffer damage, and "the damage done to the roads should serve as a reminder to just how fragile these figures are." Well that is it. If you would lie to know more about the Nazca Lines then you can go to that is also where I got my information for this post. Also if you have any request for a post then please feel free to make any request I always take request and would be happy to write a post for you. 

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Jack Frost

Today I am going to write about Jack Frost. I hope that you will like this post. So lets begin with this post. Jack Frost is the personification of frost, ice, snow, sleet, and freezing cold weather, a variant of Old Man Winter held responsible for frosty weather, for nipping the nose and toes in such weather, coloring the foliage in autumn, and leaving fernlike patterns on cold windows in winter. Starting in late 19th century literature, more filled-out characterization of Jack Frost have made him into a sprite-like character. He sometimes appears as a sinister mischief maker. Jack Frost is said to be a friendly spirit, but can be very dangerous because if one were to insult him he would cover that person with snow or turn them into frost. Jack is a spirit and the personification of crisp, cold, winter weather, a variant of Old Man Winter. He is also at times shown as a mischief-making spirit, carefree and happiest when he can behave as he pleases. With no obligations, he is able to flourish. He is traditionally thought to leave the frosty, fern-like patterns on windows on cold winter mornings (window frost or fern frost) and nipping the extremities in cold weather. He is sometimes described or depicted with paint brush and bucket coloring the autumnal foliage red, yellow, brown, and orange. In some versions, Jack Frost is friendly, but kills his victims by covering them with snow if provoked. On the other hand, other versions depict him as a kinder being who only wishes to enjoy himself and bring happiness to others. He is often portrayed as an older man, through other depictions show him as a young adult or teenager. In more modern mythology he is often the being that parents will warn their child of in frosty winter mornings before they go outside, as it is said he will pull tricks on them and cause their extremities to become cold. His roots may originate from Anglo-Saxon and Norse winter customs. In Russia however, he has taken on a different from as Grandfather Frost, and in Germany there is instead a different entity altogether. There are various other mythological beings who take on a similar role yet have different folklore to them. In recent years, Jack Frost has made appearances as a character in pop culture - he garnered a brief mention in the wintertime song The Christmas Song and several roles as a character in television and movies. Over the years he has taken the role of both villains, heroes, and neutral entities. Hannah F. Gould's (1789-1865) Jack Frost poem, as a mischievous being responsible for their quieter phenomenons of winter, beautiful ice paintings on windows but who also got upset at lack of gifts and caused the cold to break and ruin things. In Charles Sangster's "Little Jack Frost" published in The Aldine, (Vol .7, No.16, 1875) Jack Frost is a playful being who runs around playing pranks and 'nose-biting" coating places with snow before being chased off by Dame Nature for spring. In L. Frank Baum's The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus (1902) Jack Frost is the son of the otherwise unnamed Frost King. He takes pleasure in nipping "scores of noses and ears and toes" but Santa Claus, who likes Jack (who he sees as a "jolly rogue") though he mistrust him, asks him to spare the children. Jacks says he will, if he can resist the temptation. The same Jack appears in "The Runaway Shadows" a short story by Baum. In this story, he has the power to freeze shadows, separating them from their owners, making them their own living entities. In Laurell K. Hamilton's Meredith Gentry series, a character emerges as the original Jack Frost. Jack Frost has appeared as a minor character in the Rupert Bear stories, and in Jack of Fables (a Fables spinoff) the titular character became Jack Frost for a period of time. A second Jack Frost ("Jack too, or Jack two") appears as the son of Jack Horner and The Snow Queen. In the Rainbow Magic books by Daisy Meadows, Jack Frost is an antagonist who wants to freeze Fairyland. He is accompanied by pesky goblins who steal fairies, and try to sabotage them. Jack Frost also appears in "First Death in Nova Scotia" a poem by Elizabeth Bishop. Jack appears in the novels Reaper Man and Hogfather by Terry Pratchett and The Veil trilogy of novels by Christopher Golden. The Man Jack, an enigmatic and almost unnatural killer and a member of "The Jack Of All Trades" calls himself Jack Frost in The Graveyard Book by Neil Gaiman. The Stranger, a picture book by Chris Van Allsburg, stars Jack Frost as a lonely stranger with amnesia. Jack Frost is one of the co-stars of the 2002 novel Jill Chill & the Baron of Glacier Mountain with artwork by George Broderick, Jr. Jack is portrayed as Jill Chill's boyfriend. In comic books, Jack Frost appears as a superhero in works published by Timely Comics (now Marvel Comics) in the 1940s. A man covered in ice, he could project ice and cold. In Marvel Comics, there were two comic characters called Jack Frost. The first one is a Golden Age superhero that is a member of the Liberty Legion. The second Jack Frost was the first alias of the original Blizzard. Jack Frost appears in the 2009 comic book Jill Chill & The Christmas Star. This is a traditional representation of Jack Frost as a teenager. Jack Frost is the alias of Dane McGowan one of the main characters from the 90's Vertigo series The Invisibles. Jack Frost, a Russian film from 1964, has the title Morozko- the Russian equivalent of Jack Frost. The character of Jack Frost appears in three American films, two of them named simply Jack Frost. In one Jack Frost, a serial killer turns into a snowman and continues his rampage. This movie spawned a sequel: Jack Frost 2: Revenge of the Mutant Killer Snowman, also starring this version of Jack Frost. In the other Jack Frost film, Michael Keaton plays a human by the name of Jack Frost, who is killed in a car-crash on Christmas Eve. A year later he returns as a snowman to spend time with his son. Jack Frost appears as the primary antagonist in The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause played by Martin Short. In this portrayal, he desires to take control of Christmas and claim it as his own, as is he is jealous of the attention and popularity of Santa Claus. His "Frostmas" holiday proposal had even annoyed Santa Claus and the other members of the Council of Legendary Figures (which also consisted of Mother Nature, Father Time, the Easter Bunny, the Sandman, Cupid, and the Tooth Fairy). Jack Frost appears as the main protagonist of Rise of the Guardians voiced by Chris Pine. Jack Frost is getting tired of being unseen and is suddenly forced to join the Guardians (which consist of Santa Claus, Tooth Fairy, Sandman, and the Easter Bunny) to defeat the Boogeyman (aka Pitch Black). This version of Frost is portrayed as a fun-loving teenage boy who has no interest in being bound by rules or obligations and just wants to use his magical staff to spread his winter magic for the sake of his amusement, and for the amusement of others. Prior to the popularity of television, Jack Frost appeared in the children's radio serial The Cinnamon Bear. Jack Frost appears as the title character in a 1934 release of Ub Iwerks's ComiColor Cartoons. In television, Jack Frost (voiced by Paul Frees) makes an appearance in the Rankin/Bass Christmas television special Frosty's Winter Wonderland, in which he grows jealous of Frosty the Snowman because of the attention the children lavish upon him. He tries to render Frosty lifeless by stealing his magic hat but is eventually chosen as the best man as Frosty and Crystal's wedding. Jack Frs reappears at the end of Rudolph and Frosty's Christmas in July voiced again by Paul Frees. He helped Rudolph bring Frosty the Snowman and his family back to life after they melted. In another Rankin-Bass TV special produced in 1979, Jack Frost, the title character (voiced by Robert Morse) falls in love with a human girl and seeks to become human. Father Winter grants his wish, but tells him that if he does not have a house, a horse, a bag of gold, and a wife by "the first sign of spring" he will become a sprite again. Jack Frost appears in the American Dragon: Jake Long episode "Eye of the Beholder" voiced by Jonathan Freeman. This version is depicted as a big blue man in a Hawaiian shirt. He appears as a judge of Eli Pandarus' beauty contest alongside Santa Claus and the Tooth Fairy.  Jack Frost had appeared in many video games including...Jack Frost appears as a monster in AdventureQuest. Jack Frost appears in OverSoul. Jack Frost appears in Killing Floor. Jack Frost appears in City of Villains. Jack Frost appears in Guild Wars. Jack Frost appears in Granado Espada. Jack Frost appears in Rangnark Online. Jack Frost appears in Rise of the Guardians: The Video Game (which is based on the film of the same name). Jack Frost appears in RuneScape. Frost also functions as a trademark character for the game-developer Atlus and as a mascot of the Megami Tensei series, in which it learns mainly Ice skills. In the games Persona 3, and Persona 4, he appears as a Persona of the Magician Arcana. Jack Frost also appears as a character in Scribblenaunts Unlimited. A female version of Jack Frost is also featured. Jethro Tull have a song titled "Jack Frost and the Hooded Crow." Saint Vitus depict Jack Frost as an evil spirit of winter on their album V.  The radio station WRHS-FM 89.7 in Norrisge, Illinois brand its holiday music format "Jack Frost." The name has been employed as a pseudonym by musician Bob Dlyan and Jack Dempsey. Jack Rosenberg (later known as "Werner Erhard") used it as a nickname while selling cars in Philadelphia in the 1950s. At the end of the 1997 Jack First film, Scott MacDonald [Jack Frost] plays a segment of "Silent Night" Jack Frost is also the doom metal band from Austria. Well that is it, my post on Jack Frost if you would like to know more about Jack Frost and also see where I got my information for this post then you can go to and if there is a post you want then please feel free to make any request and I would be happy to write a post for you I always take request. 


Today I am going to write about demigods. I hope you will enjoy it so lets begin with this post. A demigod (or demi-god) is a divine or supernatural being in classical mythology. The term has been used in various was at different times and can refer to a figure who has attained divine status after death, a minor deity, or a mortal who is the offspring of a god and a human. The English term is a calque of the Latin semideus "half god" which is probably a coining by the Roman poet Ovid in reference  to less important gods, such as dryads. In the ancient Greek and Roman world the word did not have a consistent definition. It was rarely used and had a number of different meanings. The earliest recorded use of the term is in the archaic Greek poets Homer and Hesiod. Both describe dead heroes as hemitheoi, "half gods." This did not mean that they had one parent who was divine and one who was mortal. Instead, according to Price, those who demonstrated "strength, power, good family, and good behavior" were termed heroes, and after death they could be called hemitheoi, a process she refers to as "heroization." Pindar also uses the term frequently as a synonym for hero. According to the Roman author Cassius Dio, Julius Caesar was declared a demigod by the Roman Senate after his victory at Thapsus. However, Dio was writing in the third century and modern critics have cast doubt on this. The first Roman to employ the term demigod may have been the poet Ovid who used the Latin semideus several times in reference to minor deities. The poet Lucan also uses the term to speak of Pompey attaining divinity upon his death. In later antiquity, the Roman writer Martianus Capella proposed a hierarchy of gods: the gods proper, or major gods; the genii or daemones; the demigods or semones (who dwell in the upper atmosphere); the manes and ghosts of heroes (who dwell in the lower atmosphere); and the earth-dwelling gods like fauns and satyrs. The term demigod first appeared in English in the late sixteenth or early seventeenth century when it was used to render the Greek and Roman concepts of semideus and daemon. Since then, it has frequently been applied figuratively to people of extraordinary ability. John Milton states in Paradise Lost that angels are demigods. Demigods are important figures in Rick Riordan's Percy Jackson boos, where many of the characters, including Percy Jackson himself are demigods. In Riordan's work, a demigod is strictly defined as an individual born of one human and one divine parent. In Hinduism, demigod is used to refer to deities who were once human and later became devas (gods) and are worshiped in South India are Madurai Veeran and Karuppu Sami. The heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata, the five Pandava brothers, fit the Western definition of demigods, but are generally not referred to as such. Queen Knti , the wife of King Pandu; was given a mantra that, when recited, meant that one of the Gods would give her his child. When her husband was cured to die if her ever engaged in sexual relations, Kunti used this mantra to provide her husband with children, Yudishtira (father yama) Bhima (father Indra). She taught this mantra to Madri, King Pandu's other wife, and she conceived twin boys, Nakla and Sahadeva (father the Asvins). Queen Kunti had perviosly conceived another son, Karna, when she had tested the mantra out- despite her protest, Surya the sun god was compelled by the mantra to impregnate her. The Vaishnavites (who often translate deva as "demigod") cite various verses that speak of the devas' subordinate status. For example, the Rig Veda (1.22.20) states, om tad visnoh paramam padam sadā paśyanti sūrayaḥ: "All the suras (i.e., the devas) look always toward the feet of Lord Vishnu." Similarly, in the Vishnu Saharanama the concluding verses state: "The Rishis (great sages), the ancestors, the devas, the great elements, in fact all things moving and unmoving constituting this universe, have originated from Narayana" (i.e. Vishnu). Thus the Devas are stated to be subordinate to Vishnu, or God. A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prbhupada, the founder of the International Society for Krishna Consciosness (ISKCON) translated the Sanskrit word "deva" as "demigod" in his literature when the term referred to a God other than the Supreme Lord and that all others are but His servants. In order to emphasize their subservience, Prabhupada used the word "demigod" as a translation of deva. However, there are at least three occurrences in the eleventh chapter of Bhagavad-Gita where the word deva is used to refer to the Supreme Lord, celestial beings and saintly souls depending on the context. This is similar to the word Bhagavan which is translated according to different contexts. In the Bhagvad Gita Krishna himself states that worshipers of deities other than the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, are incorrect (Gita 9.23) as such worship leads only to temporal benefits, rather than to the Lord Himself Gita 7.23). Krishna also says: "Whatever deity or form a devotee worships, I make his faith steady. However, their wishes are granted only by Me." (Gita: 7.21-22) Elsewhere in Gita Lord Krishna states: "O Arjuna, even those devotees who worship other lesser deities (e.g., devas, for example) with faith, they also worship Me, but in an improper way because I am the Supreme Being. I alone am the enjoyer of all sacrificial services (Seva, Yajna) and Lord of the universe." (Gita (9:23). Well that is it I hope that you enjoyed this post on demigods and if you would like to know more or see where I got my information then yo can go to or if you have a request for a post then feel free to make any request I always take request and would be happy to write a post for you.